The goblin shark (Mitsukurina owstoni) is a rare species of deep-sea shark. When feeding, the Goblin Shark extends its jaws forward faster than any other species of shark. Goblin Shark. Sometimes called a "living fossil", it is the only extant representative of the family Mitsukurinidae, a lineage some 125 million years old that dates back to the cretaceous period. Mitsukurina owstoni D. S. Jordan, 1898 (goblin shark) Family Odontaspididae Müller & Henle, 1839. The shark has a pink skin and a very distinct profile that features an elongated, flattened snout. Common Name. 5. However, some taxonomists consider Scapanorhynchus to be a synonym of Mitsukurina, but more detailed fossil records prove many distinctive features between the two. Very little is actually known about these animals. Average/Maximum Weight. Although preserved specimens are brown, living sharks are pinkish-white, with slender, unusually soft and flabby bodies. Their unique appearance makes goblin sharks easy to identify. Class: Elasmobranchii Order: Lamniformes Family: Mitsukurinidae Goblin shark Genus: Mitsukurina (See list of species below) Range of the Goblin shark The Goblin shark (Mitsukurina owstoni) is a rare, poorly-known species of deep-sea shark. Sharks of the World: An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date, vol. It belongs to the order Lamniformes and the genus Mitsukurina. Family Mitsukurinidae (goblin sharks) Genus Mitsukurina D. S. Jordan, 1898. 50449). Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 (sand tiger shark) Genus Odontaspis Agassiz, 1838. Range of the Goblin shark The Goblin shark can be easily identified by its long, flattened snout. Mitsukurinidae or the Goblin sharks is a family of sharks with one living genus, Mitsukurina, and five fossil genera. Sometimes called a “living fossil”, it has a lineage going back some 125 million years old. The goblin shark differs from other shark species by having a flattened snout that protrudes from the top of its head, resembling the blade of a sword. Some even theorize they would have lived in similar habitats. The people do not know how female goblin sharks give birth. The majority of them have been sighted around Japan, mainly the areas of Boso Peninsula and Tosa Bay. They also have a movable membrane over their eyes to protect them when they're feeding. Page Created By: Mike Rogers. They have the typical shark's semi-symmetrical body. They have also been spotted around the waters of South Africa, New Zealand, and Australia. Unlike the common image of sharks, The Goblin Sharks' fins are not pointed, but instead are low and rounded, with the anal and pelvic fins significantly larger than the dorsal fins. No. That is because the first specimen was found off the coast of Japan in 1898 by a naturalist called Alan Owston. It is a medium-sized shark. 2020. Found on outer continental shelves and upper slopes, but rarely in shallow water close inshore (Ref. How big are goblin sharks? Fish Identification: Find Species. Species: M. owstoni . Includes species that are closely related. For example apes, monkeys and humans belong to the Family Primates. The goblin shark (Mitsukurina owstoni) is a rare species of deep-sea shark within the Lamniformes. 2 … Genus: Mitsukurina; Species: M. owstoni; Binomial Name; Mitsukurina owstoni . Image from: Mental Floss . Sometimes called a "living fossil", it is the only living species in the family Mitsukurinidae. The Goblin Shark Has a Japanese Name. Genus … It is 10 to 13 feet long. Genus Carcharias Rafinesque, 1810. It comes from the Mitsukurinidae family which dates back over 125-million years. The Animal Diversity Web (online). : FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes, no. If a Goblin Shark has been captured, it is usually due to a casualty catch. 2: Bullhead, mackerel and carpet sharks (Heterodontiformes, Lamniformes and Orectolobiformes) Journal/Book Name, Vol. Mitsukurina owstoni D. S. Jordan, 1898 (goblin shark) Family Odontaspididae (sand tiger sharks) Genus Carcharias Rafinesque, 1810. The goblin shark is one of the large amount of sharks.It’s family is 125 million years old! Mitsukurina owstoni: information (1) Mitsukurina owstoni: pictures (1) To cite this page: Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. It belongs to the goblin shark family Mitsukurinidae. Mitsukurinidae Jordan, 1898 – requins-lutins, tiburones duende, goblin sharks : Genus: Mitsukurina Jordan, 1898 Species: Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan, 1898 – goblin shark : References Expert(s): Expert: Notes: Reference for: Other Source(s): Source: Catalog of … The scientific name of the Goblin Shark is Mitsukurina Owstoni. 1, vol. Goblin shark definition is - a galeoid shark (genus Scapanorhynchus) that has protrusible jaws and a greatly elongate snout and is found off the coasts of Japan and Portugal. Mitsukurinidae: pictures (1) Genus Mitsukurina. Prey items included bony fishes, squids and crustaceans. Its jaws are protrusive, and the inside contains 35 to 53 rows of upper teeth and 31 to 62 rows of lower teeth. 247, 43278).Jaws are highly specialized for rapid projection from the head to snap up small animals (Ref. Ground Sharks (Carcharhiniformes) - have a wide mouth with sharp-edged teeth and 5 pairs of gills. It is from the mitsukurinidae family and genus mitsukurina This impressive ancient lineage has earned it the nickname the ‘living fossil’. 4. Genus - Mitsukurina Species - owstoni. This species in the Misukurinae family is the only known living fish, thought to be hundreds of years old. Goblin sharks are least concerned and nowhere near endangered. Unknown. The Goblin Shark looks quite different from other species of sharks. The goblin shark was first described in 1898, by Jordan, as Mitsukurina. Goblin sharks have rubbery skin, rather than denticles (the sharp, pointed scales found on most sharks). FAMILY. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF GOBLIN SHARK – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the scientific name of goblin shark. The Goblin shark can be easily identified by its long, flattened snout. Includes reef sharks and the hammerheads. Goblin Shark Mitsukurina owstoni Jordan 1898 Sometimes called a "living fossil", it is the only extant representative of the family Mitsukurinidae, a lineage some 125 million years old. This genus has been synonymized with the fossil Scapanorhynchus described by Woodward, 1889. As a result of this, there is no conclusive evidence about their ages or lifespans. Goblin sharks are yet to be studied in the wild or held in captivity. When the goblin shark was discovered, scientists were excited to find out that they weren’t just dealing with a new species of shark, but also with a whole new genus (Mitsukurinidae) and family (Mitsukurina.) They are fished commercially in Japan, however this is also extremely minimal. Yano and colleagues examined the stomach contents of 121 Goblin Sharks from Tokyo Submarine Canyon. He didn’t know what it was, and passed the strange creature onto a Japanese scientist, Kakichi Mitsuriki. It is a rare species of deep-sea shark which is sometimes called a “living fossil”. Average/Maximum Length. Goblin Shark Profile. Mitsukurina: pictures (1) Species Mitsukurina owstoni Elfin shark. Goblin Sharks are undoubtedly peculiar and fascinating creatures. 247).Feeds on jacopever, pelagic octopus and crabs (Ref. Life Expectancy. Teeth are slender and fang-like, similar to those of the sand tiger shark. Most shark specialists, however, based on research on fossils, agree that the differences are big enough for the goblin shark to be placed in its own genus. Several specimens were described erroneously as distinct species / Wiki Commons 7. Genus: Mitsukurina. This rare species of deep-sea shark is called the Goblin Shark (Mitsukurina owstoni). Species: M. owstoni. They do have a wide range and seem to migrate for food and for mating purposes. DESCRIPTION. See the scientific report on Slingshot Feeding by Nakaya and colleagues. The only known living species is the Goblin shark, Mitsukurina owstoni. Genus: Mitsukurina; Species: Mitsukurina owstoni; 3. Currently, the Mitsukurina family includes Mitsukurina owstoni and the fossil species of Scapanorhynchus and Anomotodon. Family Mitsukurinidae Goblin shark. The Goblin Shark is the only living member of the family Mitsukurinidae, which has existed for around 125 million years. Morphology. This pink-skinned animal has a distinctive profile with an elongated, flattened snout, and highly protrusible jaws containing prominent nail-like teeth. The relationship between the two genus has been debated. The Goblin shark is a species of shark known by the scientific name Mitsukurina owstoni. Their snout, called a rostrum, is equipped with organs that are designed to help these sharks find prey in the deep, dark ocean. Genus: Mitsukurina. The heaviest Goblin shark found weighed 210 kg (460 pounds). And although it is believed that there are many of them in existence, humans have very rarely run into these mysterious, secretive sharks. In fact, the Goblin Shark happens to be the only extant representative of that family. The Goblin shark (Mitsukurina owstoni) is the only extant representative of the family Mitsukurinidae, belonging to the order Lamniformes, or common name Mackerel sharks.The Goblin shark is a rare species of deep-sea shark. The first goblin shark was caught by a shipmaster and naturalist named Alan Owston. Goblin sharks are poorly known sharks. They have a very distinct snout that is long, flat, and pointy. The Goblin Shark is mainly found towards the bottom of the water so it is hard to find it and to observe it. The goblin shark is the sole member of its genus, Mitsukurina; its scientific name is M. owstoni. Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810 (sand tiger shark) Genus Odontaspis Agassiz, 1838. A monotypic genus found in all oceans, and recorded irregularly off southern Australia. The goblin shark is the only member of its genus but is believe to be related to an extinct shark genus called Scapanorhynchus. A Goblin Shark’s jaws are connected to ligaments within their mouth. This rare, deep-dwelling, species has a global range and is usually found on upper continental slopes and in submarine canyons at depths of at least 100m. The goblin shark belongs to the kingdom animalia and the phylum chordate. When the shark was finally identified, it was named for these two … Due to the blood vessels that are close to the skin, the shark has a pinkish-grey color in life, though in death it appears quite colorless because of its lack of pigment. Goblin sharks have weak muscles, so they are often inactive and sluggish. They are rare, deep sea sharks found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. Males can reach up to lengths of 12.6 feet (3.8 meters), and females can reach up to lengths of 12.2 feet (3.7 meters). This ancient genus from the Cretaceous Period is known from fossils and is very similar to our modern goblin shark in both looks and size. Adults grow to between 3 and 4 meters (10 to 13 feet). 5578).Ovoviviparous, embryos feeding on yolk sac and other ova produced by the mother (Ref. Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1810) (smalltooth sand tiger) Odontaspis noronhai (Maul, 1955) (bigeye sand tiger) Family Pseudocarchariidae Compagno, 1973.
2020 goblin shark genus