Why were the Union stockyards so important? In business since 1931 and in Hillsboro since 1958. And the fact is that the presentation of the modern was both intriguing and frightening. How? Please check out our Sale Dates page for an up-to-date list of our upcoming sales, Click Here for more info : Please check out our BIG I SPECIALS. Notice the smoke rising from the huge plants. The animal was then lifted into the air to begin the slaughtering process. Before construction of the various private stockyards, tavern owners provided pastures and care for cattle herds waiting to be sold. By the turn of the 19th century, about 500,000 [people] a year were coming to visit the stockyards and the packinghouses. [1600 x 907]. taken around 1878. Twitter: @annebramley, Boiling vats used to prepare hogs for hair removal, circa 1890. Union Stock Yards c. 1942. The castle-like gate was once the main entrance to the vast stockyards where millions of cows and hogs met their ends each year. Union Stock Yards, End … Armour, along with several other large meatpacking steel components have been refinished and treated with a cleat coat lacquer. The famed architectural firm Burnham and Root designed the iconic entranceway to the Union Stock Yard in 1879. And then they were brought onto the kill floor, about 12 or 13 at a time, where a shackler would shackle the hind leg. So it is perfectly normal for your post to not show up in the new listing. How did that "spectacle" or the "presentation of the modern" change the way people thought about their food? Also, it was sort of the beginning of mass industrialization, at least in Chicago. [4113x6531], Lockheed Martin employee Sally Wadsworth working on the fuselage of a P-38 Lightning in California in 1944 [1941 x 2982], The infamous New York City blackout of 1977. [–][deleted] 6 points7 points8 points 4 years ago (0 children). It's impossible to pinpoint the exact moment Americans embraced industrialized food. And it must have been absolutely fascinating to people in the 19th century to see this mass [of livestock] coming together. "As late as the 1950s, grade school children in Chicago were taken to see the hog slaughter. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. We should keep the two apart. With the spreading service of railroads, several small stockyards were created in and around the city of Chicago. Topics Stockyards -- Illinois Chicago, Slaughtering and slaughter-houses Publisher [Chicago : s.n. Publication date 1893?] If you have any questions or feedback feel free to let us know! Things not on topic are comments that, but are not limited to, solely consist of a joke, (political) soapboxing, etc. Titles should not include any political or cultural interpretation or observation. 1865: Union Stockyards Multiple Stockyards in Chicago Prior to 1865: Not Efficient-Need for a Centralized Market and a Consolidated Location for Shipping. Interesting article on these kinds of jobs. Sep 21, 2013 - Find high resolution royalty-free images, editorial stock photos, vector art, video footage clips and stock music licensing at the richest image search photo library online. Fourteen year old Mohawk and future Olympic gold medalist Waneek Horn-Miller cradling her younger sister after she herself was bayoneted in the chest by a Canadian soldier. A live hog was attached to a giant wheel by a chain around one of its hind legs. Its position in the development and maintenance of the Chicago economy helped position the city as the center of the American meat industry. And then the hog would be lifted into the air by the Hurford wheel, and they'd go to the sticker, who basically cut the hog's throat. Opened in 1865, Chicago's Union Stock Yard was the greatest livestock market the world had seen. Actually, it's kind of hard for contemporary people to think about: Why would you take children to see this? Chicagoans Wanted to Rid Streets of Drovers and Animals. Images submitted here must be of historical events, taken at least 20 years ago. In 1848, a stockyard called the Bulls Head Market was opened to the public. 9:00 am: fat cattle, slaughter cows & bulls . View of the Union Stockyards from Swift Canadian Co. Ltd. plant [looking east] (1942) Source: Archives of Manitoba, St. Boniface - Stockyards 1, AMD-11-1. Opened in 1865, Chicago’s Union Stock Yard was the greatest livestock market the world had seen. And then you were taken off to see the soap works, the hide rooms, through the whole thing. It quickly became the symbol of the market and the meat industry in Chicago. It was south and west of the earlier stockyards in an area bounded by Halsted Street on the east, South Racine Avenue on the west, with 39th Street as the northern boundary and 47th Street as the southern boundary. Union Stockyards Gate. Twice, they peaked at over 18 million. The killing and cutting process for cattle was different, but was performed with equal efficiency. We would love to have you stop by and visit the Union Stock Yards Co. You'd walk into a rather nice waiting room and were taken by the guides. The famed architectural firm Burnham and Root designed the iconic entranceway to the Union Stock Yard in 1879. Todd Protzman Davis shared Kevin Watts Imagine the smell? Include the date of the photograph in the title. hide caption. Courtesy of Dominic A. Pacyga/University of Chicago Press Union Stock Yards, after the knockout. It drew hundreds of thousands of people a year. Personal attacks, abusive language, trolling or bigotry in any form is not allowed. They saw just about everything. It was actually the miracle of mass industrialization. 9 The rules of the Stock Yards are, that the animals must be fed and watered before they are weighed, and without such weighing they cannot be sold. "Its promoters clearly thought there could be no more appropriate way to observe a festive Christian holiday in the midst of America's capitalist hothouse than to open the greatest livestock market the world would ever see," writes Dominic A. Pacyga in his new book, Slaughterhouse: Chicago's Union Stock Yard and the World It Made. pigs, sows, boars, lambs, goats, llamas & baby calves : back to farm cows, cow/ calf prs, feeder cattle Then it would pass onto an army of 150 men and women who would dress the hog. Download: Go. By the 1890s, the railroad money behind the Union Stockyards was Vanderbilt money. Videos, collections, interactive images/websites, and articles are, Pictures of family members are not allowed in. It was this grand spectacle of something that was very common. Chicago's Union Stock Yard and the World It Made. Hogs were driven to the roofs of the building, where they were allowed to cool down. Collection americana Digitizing sponsor When the wheel began to rotate, the hog was jerked into the air, upside down, squealing and kicking, and was carried by the movement of the wheel to an overhead rail that ran the length of the building, on a descending angle, from the top to the bottom floor. Between 1852 and 1865, five (5) … Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Be sure to check-out the full list of history-related subreddits. Just a massive amount of animals. This new plant employed the modern "assembly line" (or rather dis-assembly line) method of work. the heel with tension screw remains in working condition. What exactly did people see when they toured the stockyards? They were killing 6,000 to 7,000, maybe even 8,000 hogs a day. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. Those of us who live in cities don't have a personal relationship with the meat we eat. Enlarge [ digital file from b&w film copy neg. ] Because the new modern industry was quite a spectacle to behold, says Pacyga, and it was by watching it that Americans began to change their relationship to meat. At its peak, more than 18 million livestock were slaughtered annually and, amazingly, the grim mechanization of death attracted thousands upon thousands of tourists—including European royalty. Do you think that, because people were able to watch this spectacle, it actually helped bring about this change that separated us from where meat comes from? It was a spectacle. Please only submit historic photographs. One hundred years ago, more meat was processed in Chicago than anywhere on the planet. At the very beginning, the tours were given by street kids, but eventually the packinghouses had organized tours with uniformed tour guides. Make sure your image is hosted by an approved host. Foreign writers and businessmen came to Chicago to observe the operations at the stockyards. Men load cattle onto a car for shipment to Chicago, circa 1890. UNION STOCK YARDS AND SLAUGHTER HOUSES. If you have any questions check out the FAQ. They'd go through the stockyards, usually entering through the stone gate just west of Halsted Street, and then eventually end up in the packinghouses themselves. What was the purpose/function of that wheel? Your purchase helps support NPR programming. The Armour plant was built at 45th Street and Elizabeth Avenue immediately to the west of the Union Stockyards. The Union stockyards were so important because this mass industry really changed the way Americans, well, the way the world thinks about food. The operation would only last thirty more years, closing at midnight on July 30th, 1971. If a post breaks one of our rules you will be informed about it. The killing and cutting process for cattle was different, but was performed with equal efficiency. It was the presentation of the modern. It was the presentation of the modern. If you cannot find the date after a concerted effort, then a rough estimate or simply saying unknown date will suffice. Suddenly it's removed from everyday life. Titles should not include commentary, opinion or information about the circumstances surrounding the person/event in the image. Keep the discussion on-topic. The entire operation, from the killing wheel to the death locker, took less than ten minutes. Anne Bramley is the author of Eat Feed Autumn Winter and the host of the Eat Feed podcast. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co. of Chicago received its first bellowing arrivals on Christmas Day 1865 in 15 rickety cattle-cars pulled by a puffing, wood-burning locomotive. [780 x 439], Oct 1956 - As part of an initiative to promote credibility of the polio vaccine Commissioner of Health Leona Baumgartner, right, holds the arm of Elvis Presley as Assistant Commissioner Harold Fuerst administers it [1000x1000], First Photo of the Acropolis in Greece c.1842 [500x200], British adventurer, soldier, and author, Colonel Thomas Edward Lawrence, or "Lawrence of Arabia" riding a camel, 1916. A Busy Alley. Then the pig's throat was cut and the carcass was cleaned, washed, and butchered by hundreds of hands as it passed along the overhead wire to the cold storage area. Here's part of our conversation, edited for brevity and clarity. New specials weekly. And then they were brought onto the kill floor, about 12 or 13 at a time, where a shackler would shackle the hind leg. And the fact is that the presentation of the modern was both intriguing and frightening. And then the hog would be lifted into the air by the Hurford wheel, and they'd go to the sticker, who basically cut the hog's throat. I mean, if you grew up on a farm, you knew how to do these things. The view from the Union Stock Yard water tower looking southwest to the sheep house and Packingtown, circa 1890. Comments that do not directly add to the discussion will be removed and can also result in (temp) bans. A live hog was attached to a giant wheel by a chain around one of its hind legs. It made it less personal. [28] Get an ad-free experience with special benefits, and directly support Reddit. As part of the spectacle of the packinghouses, a worker shackled the leg of a hog onto a revolving wheel known as a Hurford wheel. This will be removed and can result in a ban. Meatpacking Technology Chicago Stockyards After the creation of the Union Stock Yards, various meatpacking companies established operations around the yards. In Chicago, it took 35 minutes. But the first Christmas after the Civil War is a key date to note. And remained a tourist attraction well into the 20th century. Revolving hog wheel. and join one of thousands of communities. Post Limit - Please limit your submissions to no more than two (2) per calendar day so as to give others a chance for their content to be seen as well! The town's cotton mills at their peak of their prosperity with 99,000 power looms in operation. Hog Killing Wheel. The mechanized process with its killing wheel and conveyors helped inspire the automobile assembly line that Henry Ford popularlized in It was a spectacle.". Opened Christmas Day, 1865. Notice the elevated ramp or viaduct in the background, over which livestock were driven to the packinghouses. The world renowned (and once major tourist stop - including visitors such as Rudyard Kipling, Sarah Bernhardt, Edward, Prince of Wales and Marlene Dietrich) Union Stock Yards, in the summer of 1941. use the following search parameters to narrow your results: All posts will be reviewed by a human moderator first before they become visible to all subscribers. Colorized photographs need to be tagged with [Colorized] and link to the original photograph in the comments. The district was operated by a … The slaughterhouses got their livestock from Chicago's Union Stockyards: 475 acres of cattle, hogs and other animals shipped here from all over the country. Armour plant, Union Stock Yards, Chicago, 1912 [1024x643]. In the years that followed, several small stockyards were scattered throughout the city. The Union Stockyards Administrative Office, built in 1912 on a design by local architect John Woodman (1967) Source: Archives of Manitoba, Architectural Survey - Winnipeg, Marion Street, Sheet 1. Three Eastern Railroads Purchased 320 Acres in the Town of Lake. And then the hog would be lifted into the air by the Hurford wheel… One of the earliest to move into the area was the Armour plant in 1867. Assembly line techniques, or "disassembly" line techniques, were used very effectively in Chicago's Union stockyards, says, Courtesy of Dominic A. Pacyga/University of Chicago Press. © 2020 reddit inc. All rights reserved. Images that have been resubmitted within the last three months will be removed. The stockyards closed 40 years ago, in 1971. We caught up with Pacyga by phone to talk about how Chicago instigated that transformation. ... 13 at a time, where a shackler would shackle the hind leg. Photo, Print, Drawing Chicago - Meat Packing Industry - Swift & Co.'s Packing House: killing hogs, shackling pen and wheel. In 1890 it took about eight to 10 hours for a skilled butcher and his assistant to slaughter and dress a steer on a farm. Union Stock Yards c. 1912. [1670x2048], photo of the partially excavated Great Sphinx of Giza, with the Pyramid of Khafre (left) and the Great Pyramid of Giza (right) behind it. The stockyard was a livestock market: 450 acres covered with pens and railroad chutes and office buildings. the crucible steel blade contains closely spaced points or teeth. The Union Stockyard and Transit Company, known commonly as The Chicago Stockyards, was a major industrial hub in Chicago for more than a century. Union Stock Yards c. 1908. There were galleries above the kill floors, so you could watch the whole process. Big packing houses were killing 1,500, 2,500 steers a day. It's removed from the human experience. Systematically Planned and Organized by Octave Chanute a. The Bulls Head Stock Yards were located at Madison Street and Ogden Avenue. Revolving hog wheel. (2516x1849), A crying Sudeten woman as she dutifully salutes Adolf Hitler as German forces sweep into Czechoslovakia, October 1938. At the time, a young film student, Mark Mamalakis, went to the yards to capture the end of an era. And people would come and take a tour of both. They closed some 44 years ago, but Chicago's Union Stockyards profoundly shaped the development of the city and the modern world. Colorized photographs that take too many artistic liberties will be removed, this includes (but is not limited to) removing details or adding things like patterns on clothing that are not visible in the original. (2322x3000), The Weavers Triangle, Burnley Lancashire, 1910. This new plant employed the modern "assembly line" (or rather dis-assembly line) method of work. From 1893 to 1933 there were never fewer than 13 million head of livestock at the stockyards annually. In the book, you mention that when the stockyards opened, they were quite a tourist attraction. http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2001/07/dangerous-meatpacking-jobs-eric-schlosser. Longhorn cattle in the sales pens at Chicago's Union Stock Yard, circa 1890. Rendered by PID 6548 on r2-app-0706053c27dbb5c55 at 2020-12-05 17:48:14.170033+00:00 running a7f2daa country code: US. One author called it "man, meat and miracle." REDDIT and the ALIEN Logo are registered trademarks of reddit inc. π Rendered by PID 6548 on r2-app-0706053c27dbb5c55 at 2020-12-05 17:48:14.170033+00:00 running a7f2daa country code: US. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that acquired marshland and turned it into a centralized processing area. The old Union Stockyards in Chicago, early 1900s. A trip through the Union stock yards and slaughter houses ... Chicago, U.S.A. by Lambert, George William. original late 19th century oversized union stock yard slaughter house butcher saw with original opposing beech wood handles intact. Exchange Building c. 1906. ... Union Stock Yards, hog wheel c. 1907. But as late as the 1950s, grade school children in Chicago were taken to see the hog slaughter. https://www.learner.org/series/biographyofamerica/prog14/transcript/page02.html, [–]henrysmith78730 1 point2 points3 points 4 years ago (0 children). The use of assembly line techniques — or, really, "disassembly" line techniques — began very early in Cincinnati, but they were used here in Chicago very effectively. Union Stock Yards, cooler. Armour plant, Union Stock Yards, Chicago, 1912 [1024x643] (i.imgur.com), [–]Vaux1916 5 points6 points7 points 4 years ago (4 children). Sure. Advertisement ... People need to get over their squeamishness about killing livestock. The Union Stock Yards, designed to consolidate operations, was built in 1864 on swampland south of the city. The entire operation, from the killing wheel to the death locker, took less than ten minutes. Regarding reposts: it is not a repost unless it was posted to /r/HistoryPorn within the last three months, or if it's already in the top 100 of all time. When the wheel began to rotate, the hog was jerked into the air, upside down, squealing and kicking, and was carried by the movement of the wheel to an overhead rail that ran the length of the building, on a descending angle, from the top to the bottom floor. By the 1890s, the railroad capital behind the Union Stockyards was Vanderbilt money. You knew where meat came from. And the same amount of sheep. 1868-1869 Photographed by Benjamin F. Powelson. Union Stock Yards in the 1870s, where more meat was processed than in any other place in the world. Include an accurate description of the photograph (event, location, war, year, etc) in the title. Union Stock Yards c. 1909. Tourists watched masses of animals move through kill … But the packinghouses adjacent to it were another several hundred acres of meat packing plants. Posters, illustrations, compositions and postcards are not permitted. "See" is the key word here. Please add commentary and supplementary information in the comments. [1644 x 1033], Harriet Tubman in her Auburn, New York home three years after the Civil War. The district was operated by a group of railroad companies that acquired swampland and turned it into a centralized processing area. There's this separation. The Chicago Tribune called it "organized chaos." About this Item. That's when Chicago's infamous Union Stock Yard opened to the public, in 1865. It quickly became the symbol of the market and the meat industry in Chicago. Quebec, Oka Crisis, 26 September 1990. The mechanized process with its killing wheel and conveyors helped inspire the automobile assembly line that Henry Ford popularlized in 1913. The Union Stock Yard & Transit Co., or The Yards, was the meatpacking district in Chicago for more than a century, starting in 1865. The Armour plant was built at 45th Street and Elizabeth Avenue immediately to the west of the Union Stockyards.